Hip replacement surgery is similar to having
most things fixed—worn parts are taken out, and new parts are
installed in their places. In hip surgery, the damaged portions of
your hip are removed and replaced with metal and plastic implants.
Hip surgery usually takes two to four hours,
although this is dependent upon the severity of the arthritis in your
hip. Here's what you can expect on a typical day of hip surgery:
You should arrive at the hospital
at least two hours before your scheduled surgery. The nurses will
complete your preparation for surgery and will likely review your
care following surgery.
A small tube (intravenous line) is inserted
into your arm. This tube is used to administer antibiotics and
other medication during your surgery.
You're taken to the operating room and given
operating room, a urinary catheter is inserted and will be left in
place for one or two days.
Compression stockings and pneumatic sleeves
are put on both legs.
The procedure begins with an incision over
the side of your hip.
The ball end of your thighbone (femur) is cut
and replaced with the new metal ball-and-stem component. It may be
stabilized with or without cement.
The damaged surface of the socket is smoothed
in preparation for the insertion of the new socket.
The ball and socket are joined.
When the surgeon is satisfied
with the fit and function, the incision is cleaned and covered
drainage tubes are inserted into your hip to drain fluids that
naturally develop at the surgical site.
You're taken to the recovery room, where you
will be closely monitored.
Anesthesia wears off, and you slowly regain
consciousness. A nurse is with you and may encourage you to cough
or breathe deeply to help clear your lungs.
You're given pain medication.
A foam wedge or pillows are placed
between your legs to help hold your hip joint in place.
You are fully awake and are taken
to your hospital room.